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Nurturing Early Childhood Sleep

In the journey of early childhood development, one of the most critical aspects for parents is understanding and managing their child's sleep patterns. We partnered with Heather Boyd, an occupational therapist and infant sleep specialist, to bring you a wealth of expertise on this important topic in this blog and a new podcast episode. Heather Boyd's insights, gathered from years of experience, are invaluable for families navigating common sleep challenges and striving to establish healthy sleep habits in their young children.

Child sleeping on their side

Understanding Early Morning Wake-Ups

For many parents, early morning wake-ups from their babies can be both bewildering and exhausting. This common issue often arises from a combination of factors that affect infant sleep patterns.

Firstly, there is often a misconception among parents about how much sleep babies actually need. Babies' sleep requirements differ significantly from adults'. While adults typically require around 7-9 hours of consolidated sleep at night, babies need much more sleep overall, often totalling up to 14-17 hours per day in the early months. However, this sleep is usually spread out in shorter periods, including daytime naps and nighttime sleep.

Secondly, early awakenings can also be influenced by physiological aspects of sleep. Babies have different sleep cycles compared to adults, and they may transition between sleep stages more frequently. This can lead to more frequent awakenings, especially during lighter sleep phases, which occur in the early morning hours.

To address early morning wake-ups effectively, it's crucial for parents to establish realistic bedtime routines that cater to their baby's specific sleep needs. This involves:

  • Understanding Baby's Sleep Requirements: Educating oneself about typical sleep patterns and needs of babies is essential. This knowledge helps in setting realistic expectations and planning suitable sleep schedules.

  • Establishing Consistent Bedtime Routines: Creating a consistent bedtime routine helps signal to the baby that it's time to wind down and prepare for sleep. This routine might include activities like a warm bath, gentle massage, quiet story time, or soft music, all designed to relax the baby and prepare them for sleep.

  • Managing Daytime Naps: While daytime naps are crucial for a baby's overall sleep health, it's important to ensure they are appropriately timed and not too long. Oversleeping during the day can disrupt nighttime sleep patterns, leading to early morning awakenings. Parents should aim to provide enough daytime naps to prevent over-tiredness without allowing naps to interfere with the baby's ability to settle and sleep through the night.

  • Creating a Sleep-Inducing Environment: A conducive sleep environment can significantly impact a baby's ability to sleep well. This includes ensuring the room is dark, quiet, and at a comfortable temperature. Using white noise machines or gentle lullabies can also help create a soothing atmosphere that promotes sleep continuity.

Physiological Factors Influencing Baby Sleep

Delving into the physiological reasons behind early morning wake-ups, Heather Boyd emphasizes the role of circadian rhythms and sleep pressure. Babies, in their early developmental stages, are still forming their circadian rhythms. These internal biological clocks play a crucial role in regulating the sleep-wake cycles, influencing when they feel sleepy and awake throughout the day.

Furthermore, as the night progresses, the build-up of sleep pressure gradually decreases. Sleep pressure, also known as the drive to sleep, accumulates during wakefulness and dissipates during sleep. For babies, this means that as they progress through the night, the urge to remain asleep diminishes, potentially leading to early awakenings.

Understanding these biological factors is essential for parents aiming to support their baby's sleep patterns effectively. By recognizing the developmental stage of their child's circadian rhythms and the fluctuating nature of sleep pressure, parents can tailor their approach to encourage longer and more restful periods of sleep.

Strategies for Managing Midnight Playtime and Early Waking

When addressing midnight playtime or early waking, it's crucial to adopt a holistic approach that considers various factors influencing a child's sleep patterns. Adjusting bedtime routines and nap schedules forms a fundamental aspect of this approach. By establishing consistent and calming bedtime rituals, such as reading a book or gentle rocking, parents can signal to their child that it's time to wind down and prepare for sleep. Similarly, optimizing nap schedules throughout the day ensures that the total sleep over a 24-hour period meets the child's developmental needs, reducing the likelihood of nighttime disruptions like midnight playtime or early waking.

Recognizing and adapting to each child's unique sleep needs is essential. Children vary in their sleep requirements and patterns, which can change as they grow and develop. Instead of imposing rigid routines that may not align with a child's developmental stage, parents benefit from observing and understanding their child's cues for sleepiness and wakefulness. This personalized approach allows parents to adjust bedtime schedules and routines accordingly, fostering a sleep routine that better supports the child's natural sleep cycles.

Developmental Differences in Baby Sleep vs. Adult Sleep

A crucial aspect to understand is the fundamental differences between baby sleep and adult sleep. Unlike adults, babies spend a significant portion of their sleep in REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. REM sleep is characterized by rapid eye movements, irregular breathing, and a more active brain compared to non-REM sleep stages. It is during REM sleep that dreams occur, and this stage is lighter and easier to wake from compared to the deeper, non-REM stages of sleep that dominate adult sleep cycles.

These developmental disparities in sleep patterns are important for parents to recognize. Babies' sleep cycles are shorter and more frequent, with cycles of REM and non-REM sleep repeating throughout the night. This pattern gradually shifts as babies grow older, with non-REM sleep becoming more predominant. Understanding these differences helps parents appreciate that sleep is not a static process but rather evolves over time as their child matures.

These developmental disparities underscore the need for patience and flexibility in parenting approaches to sleep. Babies' sleep needs and patterns can vary widely, and what works for one child may not necessarily work for another. Parents may need to adjust their expectations and strategies as their baby's sleep evolves and adapts to developmental changes.

Coping Strategies for Sleep Challenges

For parents dealing with frequent night awakenings or struggles transitioning their child to sleep, practical strategies like establishing a calming bedtime routine and maintaining a soothing sleep environment can be crucial. These methods help create positive sleep associations and improve overall sleep hygiene over time. However, if challenges persist, seeking guidance from a professional can provide tailored solutions and support.

A sleep consultant can assess your child's sleep patterns, offer evidence-based techniques for sleep, and address concerns such as safe sleep practices or cultural influences on bedtime routines. This professional guidance can empower parents with effective tools to promote better sleep for their child and themselves.


Understanding the complexities of sleep is crucial for parents aiming to support their children's well-being. By delving into the physiological and developmental factors that influence sleep patterns, parents can better navigate challenges such as nighttime awakenings and irregular sleep schedules. Creating a conducive sleep environment, maintaining consistent bedtime routines, and being attuned to individual sleep needs are key strategies in promoting healthy sleep habits. Moreover, recognizing that sleep patterns evolve with age and being open to seeking guidance from sleep consultants can empower parents in fostering restful nights and optimal daytime functioning for their children.

To learn more about this topic, tune into our podcast episode with Heather Boyd where she provides practical advice, a more in-depth look into sleep solutions, real-life scenarios, and how parents can navigate sleep with confidence and resilience.

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